Our planet is made up of various components that create a useful balance for the development of life for all types of organisms. Equilibrium involves stability between living beings and the environment, but humans have adopted a production model that involves the massive consumption of natural resources. Consequently, it is possible to perceive a disturbance of this stability known as ecological imbalance.
Ecological imbalance is a state of the ecosystem that is characterised by instability in the composition of species and resources. The causes of ecological imbalance can be either natural and man-made. The most obvious natural causes are climate change, global warming, global dimming and invasive species, while the most obvious man-made causes are resource exploitation and environmental pollution.
Humans are one of the main drivers of ecological imbalances through the use of natural resources. Although there is no doubt that the quality of life of each and every one of us has improved over time, we must not forget that natural resources are finite, while needs are infinite. Therefore, our goal should be to reconcile our production/consumption patterns with the ecosystem in which we live in order to affect it as little as possible.
If there are more and more of us and our consumption is increasing, the question that arises is how can we reduce our impact on the environment? The answer is not simple, but we can agree that investment in technology is a determining factor. The development of technology will allow us to produce more, or the same, while polluting less, using fewer resources and reducing production times. For this reason, we believe that it is a mistake to state that technological advances are always polluting. In many cases, their effect is the opposite, a positive contribution to the environment. For example, there is no doubt that a steam locomotive pollutes more than an electric train.
Companies have to align their activities and objectives with principles focused on sustainable development, which does not imply that they should reduce their economic benefits, since technology allows them to maintain and even increase them, for example, through the use of a smaller amount of energy as we have discussed in previous posts. It is not an easy or short-term task to adapt these policies to the business logic of each company, but over time it will be possible to shape the economic activities and business objectives of all sectors so that the negative impact on the ecosystem is as small as possible.